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保养汽车的10种错误方法

来源:http://www.tubeprice.net发布时间:2019-06-10 18:54:57

  保养汽车的10种错误方法
  Ten Errors in Maintenance of Vehicles
  许多私家车车主喜欢在烈日下洗车,他们认为这样很快就能把车晒干。其实错了,洗车时在烈日下,水滴形成的凸透镜效应会使车漆顶层产生局部高温现象,久而久之,车漆就会失去光泽。如果在这个时候打蜡,也容易造成身体颜色不均。所以,洗车打蜡较好在有遮蔽的情况下进行,假如不能保证,较好选择在阴天或晴天、傍晚时分进行,车主应了解以下正确的保养常识。
  Many private car owners like to wash their cars in the hot sun, which they think will dry them quickly. In fact, it is wrong that the convex lens effect formed by water droplets will cause local high temperature phenomenon on the top of the car paint when washing the car in the hot sun. Over time, the car paint will lose its luster. If waxing at this time, it is easy to cause uneven body color. Therefore, car washing and waxing should be carried out under cover. If it is not guaranteed, it is better to do it in cloudy or sunny days and evening. Car owners should know the following correct maintenance common sense.
  进口轮胎-不适用
  Imported tyres - not applicable
  有些人在购买轮胎时特别喜欢强调“进口”。国外推新轮胎对于国内用户有致命缺陷是不适用的。欧洲平坦的路面与北京二环路、三环路的路况存在较大差异。适合欧洲路况的轮胎在北京很难很好地发挥作用,尤其是轮胎侧的抗冲击性不高,就像在沙砾路面上穿着意大利著名皮鞋一样,轮胎侧的包装是不可避免的。一些国外品牌的轮胎在国内联合生产,根据路况在轮胎一侧增加了一层帘子布,从而大大提高了轮胎一侧的抗冲击性,从联合生产轮胎的性能上完全可以替代进口轮胎。
  Some people especially like to emphasize "import" when buying tyres. It is inappropriate for domestic users to introduce new tyres abroad with fatal defects. The flat roads in Europe are quite different from those on the Second Ring Road and the Third Ring Road in Beijing. Tires suitable for European road conditions are difficult to play a good role in Beijing, especially the impact resistance of tire side is not high. Just like wearing famous Italian leather shoes on gravel road, the packaging of tire side is inevitable. Some foreign brands of tires are jointly produced in China. According to the road conditions, a layer of cord cloth is added on one side of the tire, which greatly improves the impact resistance on the other side of the tire. The performance of the tire produced jointly can completely replace the imported tire.
  新电池不充电——缩短了它的寿命
  New batteries don't charge - shorten their life
  一次充电的电池叫做一次充电,一次充电对电池的使用寿命有很大的影响。如果不充电,即加“水”直接使用,电池容量不高,寿命会缩短;直接充电也缩短了使用寿命。一般情况下,电池的初始充电是在注入电解液后,用小电流充电约1小时即可安装使用。
  The first charge is called the first charge. The first charge has a great influence on the life of the battery. If the battery is not charged, that is, "water" is added directly, the battery capacity is not high, and the service life will be shortened; direct charging also shortens the service life. Normally, the initial charge of the battery can be installed and used after injecting electrolyte and charging with small current for about one hour.
  汽车内可选的附加设备-影响驾驶安全
  Optional Additional Devices in Vehicles - Impacts Driving Safety
  私家车是活动房屋的所有者,旅客舒适度的追求和奢侈品是无可争议的,但一些业主自己在车里安装各种设备,这种修改,如果不妥善处理,对汽车的性能和处理方便和可靠性往往带来不利影响,容易留下遗产或影响行车安全。
  Private car is the owner of movable house, the pursuit of passenger comfort and luxury goods are indisputable, but some owners install various equipment in the car themselves. If this modification is not properly handled, it often brings adverse effects on the performance and handling convenience and reliability of the car, leaving behind legacy or affecting driving safety.
  冷却水温度太低——发动机磨损
  Cooling Water Temperature Too Low-Engine Wear

                  济南沃尔沃汽车专修
  当天气炎热时,一些司机盲目地要求冷却水温度尽可能低,以防止发动机温度过高。有些司机为了达到降温的目的,干脆把温控器拆了,这些做法是错误的。
  When the weather is hot, some drivers blindly request the cooling water temperature as low as possible to prevent the engine from overheating. Some drivers simply disassemble the thermostat for cooling purposes, which is wrong.
  汽车发动机既怕热又怕冷,如果冷却水温度过低,会使燃料燃烧变质,油耗增加,磨损增加,机油粘度增加,发动机功率降低。试验表明,当冷却水温度为40-50℃时,发动机磨损增加60%-80%,功率降低25%,油耗增加8%-10%。因此,发动机冷却水温度不是越低越好,一般应控制在80-90摄氏度。
  Automotive engine is afraid of both heat and cold. If the cooling water temperature is too low, the fuel combustion will deteriorate, fuel consumption will increase, wear and tear will increase, oil viscosity will increase, and engine power will decrease. The test results show that when the cooling water temperature is 40-50 C, engine wear increases by 60%-80%, power decreases by 25%, and fuel consumption increases by 8%-10%. Therefore, the engine cooling water temperature is not the lower the better, generally should be controlled at 80-90 degrees Celsius.
  水箱“锅”加水缸迅速开裂
  Rapid Cracking of Water Tank "Pot" Water Cylinder
  当天气炎热时,一些司机看到油箱出现“沸腾锅”现象,担心发动机温度再次升高,立即熄火加水。这种做法是错误的,它很可能导致气缸盖由于突然冷裂现象。如果遇到水箱“开罐”,一般正确的方法是:立即停车,让发动机保持怠速怠速继续加热;同时,打开发动机盖,增加散热速度。待冷却水温度降低后,发动机熄火。此时,如果冷却水量不足,应缓慢添加,防止缸盖因突然冷裂而产生裂纹。
  When the weather was hot, some drivers saw the phenomenon of "boiling pot" in the fuel tank, fearing that the engine temperature would rise again, they immediately put out the fire and add water. This method is wrong, it may lead to sudden cold cracking of cylinder head. If the tank is opened, the correct way is to stop immediately and let the engine keep idling and idling speed to continue heating; at the same time, open the engine cover to increase the heat dissipation speed. When the cooling water temperature decreases, the engine stalls. At this time, if the cooling water is insufficient, it should be added slowly to prevent the cylinder head from cracking due to sudden cold cracking.
  长期或短距离汽车零部件损坏
  Long-term or short-distance automotive parts damage
  虽然有些人已经成为一辆车,但通常“不放弃”开车,只有在节假日开车出去玩的时候,其实这样的方式是很伤汽车的。发动机和变速箱等传动部件的表面会因为与空气的不断直接接触而生锈,电池的寿命也会受到长期自然放电的影响。
  Although some people have become a car, but usually "don't give up" driving, only on holidays when driving out to play, in fact, this way is very harmful to the car. The surface of transmission parts such as engine and gearbox will rust because of the continuous direct contact with air, and the battery life will also be affected by long-term natural discharge.
  较好的方法是每隔几天跑30或40分钟。此外,总是短途行驶的汽车也会对汽车造成伤害,汽车在任何时候都在运动而不是行驶很远,是造成汽车伤害的一个重要原因。汽车零部件在发动机启动和稳定阶段之间磨损较严重,启动后需要约20分钟的时间来补充汽车电池所消耗的电量,这使得汽车很容易提前发生故障。
  The best way is to run 30 or 40 minutes every few days. In addition, automobiles that always travel on short distances can also cause injury to automobiles. Automobiles are moving at all times rather than traveling long distances, which is an important cause of injury to automobiles. The wear of automotive parts is the most serious between engine start-up and stabilization stage. It takes about 20 minutes to replenish the energy consumed by automotive batteries after start-up, which makes it easy for automobiles to break down in advance.
  洗车就像洗澡一样,会杀死空调
  Washing a car is like taking a bath. It kills the air conditioner.
  当天气温度上升,灰尘增多,身体容易脏,洗车的频率也开始上升,很多车主想洗车的同时也要彻底清洗自己的车。但这里要注意的是,一定要保持汽车空调外表干燥,如果汽车空调不小心被弄湿,会影响汽车空调的使用寿命。
  On that day, the temperature rises, the dust increases, the body is easily dirty, and the frequency of car washing begins to rise. Many car owners want to wash their cars thoroughly at the same time. But what we should pay attention to here is that we must keep the appearance of automobile air-conditioning dry. If the automobile air-conditioning is accidentally wetted, it will affect the service life of automobile air-conditioning.
  圆形打蜡-效果较差
  Round waxing - poor effect
  很多人在给汽车打蜡时总是绕着圈,这是不对的。正确的上蜡方式是直线、纵横交错的直线,然后再根据雨点流向的较后一行,使汽车漆面同心环的效果降低。
  Many people wax their cars in circles, which is wrong. The correct waxing method is a straight line, crisscross line, and then according to the last line of rain flow, the effect of car paint concentric ring is reduced.
  太多的油——出问题了
  Too much oil - something's wrong
  当发动机油底壳内的油量不足时,轴承与轴颈之间的摩擦会因油量少而造成润滑不良,加重磨损程度,甚至会造成瓦轴燃烧事故。然而,如果有太多油的发动机,曲轴和连杆大端的会产生暴力风潮,这不仅增加了内部功率损耗的发动机,但也增加了石油的数量上缸壁,导致燃油和排气失败。因此,机油底壳内的油量应控制在油尺的上、下切割线之间。
  When the amount of oil in the engine oil pan is insufficient, the friction between bearing and journal will cause poor lubrication, worsen the wear degree, and even cause the burning accident of bearing. However, if there is too much oil in the engine, there will be a violent wave at the large end of the crankshaft and connecting rod, which not only increases the internal power loss of the engine, but also increases the amount of oil on the cylinder wall, leading to fuel and exhaust failure. Therefore, the amount of oil in the oil pan should be controlled between the upper and lower cutting lines of the dipstick.
  螺栓过紧-永久变形
  Bolt Overtightening-Permanent Deformation
  皮带的松紧度,可以提高发动机的冷却效果,所以大力提高风扇皮带的松紧度,导致风扇皮带过紧,但这是不对的。风机皮带应保持适当的松紧,因为过紧会使轴承负荷过大,磨损加剧,功耗增加,还会使泵轴弯曲,皮带伸长变形,缩短使用寿命。
  The belt tightness can improve the cooling effect of the engine, so it is wrong to increase the belt tightness of the fan and cause the belt to be too tight. Fan Belt should be kept properly tight, because too tight will make the bearing overload, wear and tear aggravated, power consumption increased, but also make the pump shaft bend, belt elongation deformation, shorten service life.

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